A Thai woman gets ready to process threadfin salmon for the market. Photo: Supaporn Anuchiracheeva, the Small-scale Fishers and Organic Fisheries Products Project.
In bold outline, the take home messages from the GAF6 full report – Engendering Security in Fisheries and Aquaculture – converge on the following: women’s voices and gender equity champions can make a real difference; and a gender lens lets us see inequalities and how to remedy them. These points were woven through the 68 rich and varied presentations, panels, posters and workshops of GAF6. Read the full report here, see the take home messages below.
- Participants were urged to focus on gender relationships, not simply roles, and on intersectionality, as women’s and men’s lives were interconnected and gender interacted with other systems in society, e.g., cultural, political and economic structures.
- The 2014 Small-Scale Fisheries Voluntary Guidelines are opening up new policy space on gender equality. Yet, in implementing the Guidelines, women have been deterred from taking part in decision-making, are invisible in most fisheries statistics and their interests excluded from national policies – unless NGOs and women’s groups have advocated for inclusion. Even when women’s needs are recognized, money and expertise may not have been allocated. In a hopeful sign, some recent projects are committed to gender equality.
- Aquaculture is gendered. Gender roles and relationships in aquaculture follow typical social patterns of ownership, rights and power. Unless they break out as entrepreneurs, women are positioned in small-scale, near-home, and low technology aquaculture, or as low-paid labour in medium and industrial scale operations. Nevertheless, small-scale household aquaculture can fulfill important subsistence roles and be improved to better satisfy food security and nutrition.
- A persistent thread on fair livelihoods in fish value chains was that gender equality and equity must be fought for, and protected by active measures, rather than expecting it to happen through a sense of natural justice.
- Using a gender lens brings deeper understanding of climate and disaster adaptation. Flexibility, versatility and agency are keys to people’s resilience. Gender-blind efforts to help people adapt should always be challenged.
- Real progress in securing gender equality will not be achieved unless social norms are transformed.
Read the whole GAF6 report here – Link
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Woman sorting the catch at the dock in Muscat. Photo: FAO
By Jennifer Gee, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO
FAO has released a publication, “Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in fisheries and aquaculture”, prepared jointly by the Social Policies and Rural Institutions Division and the Fisheries Department within FAO.
The publication provides an overview of current gender equality and women’s empowerment issues in the fisheries and aquaculture sector are presents them alongside information on policy, institutions and planning processes; statistical dimensions in gender analysis; and specific concerns in the sectors. Lessons learned are identified and some case studies presented. The publication was not intended to make an exhaustive analysis of the subject, but rather to suggest some relevant approaches to offer continuity with the work that has been conducted over the years on women’s crucial role in sustainable fisheries and aquaculture development.
The document concludes with a section on the way forward that address the macro, meso and micro-levels with a call that “Human dimensions must be considered in all formal fisheries regulations, policies and plans, and the gender perspective must be included in fisheries and aquaculture activities and development strategies.” Looking ahead it suggests that the relationships between women and men’s role and relationships within the sector must be further investigated and highlights the ongoing need to improve sex-disaggregated statistics.
The publication is currently available in English (link) and will be released in Spanish and French in early 2017.
Posted in Aquaculture, communication resources, FAO, FAO, UN Women, World Bank, IFAD, UNIDO and other multilateral, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, Gender, Gender and development, Global, Men, Women
Women filleting in Petatán, Mexico. The sight of women filleting alone or in groups in their courtyards is a common one. Photo. Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez, in Yemaya 50, “Empowerment through filletting.”
Yemaya, the gender and fisheries newsletter of the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) has published its 50th newsletter. As usual, Yemaya is an excellent read from its varied and thoughtful articles, to the wry Yemaya Mama cartoons, to reviews and news.
The contents in this December 2015 edition are:
- Editorial by Nilanjana Biswas
- Analysis: Trade. “Women in today’s fisheries economy” by Meryl Williams
- Asia: Sri Lanka. “Widows’ struggles in post-war Sri Lanka” by Cornelie Quist
- What’s new Webby? Gendered Seas
- Africa: South Africa. “The long road to freedom” by Sharon Groenmeyer
- Regional: Africa. “Women in fisheries in Africa” by Serge Raemaekers & Jackie Sunde
- Through the years with Yemaya Mama
- Asia: India “Hard days and nights” by Ellen Thorell
- Profile. “Defending a way of life” by Sara García, Fisherwoman from Costa Rica
- Regional: Central America. “Women in Central America’s fisheries” by Vivienne Solis Rivera
- Regional: Asia. “Half the fishers in the world” by Nikita Gopal
- Milestones by Ramya Rajagopalan
- Latin America: Mexico. “Empowerment through filleting” by Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez
- Q&A. Interview of Kholiswa Fosana, Eastern Cape, South Africa, by Jackie Sunde
- Yemaya Mama cops out of COP21
- Book Review. “Our Mother Ocean: Enclosure, Commons,
and the Global Fishermen’s Movement” by Mariarosa Dalla Costa and Monica Chilese. Review by Nilanjana Biswas
Posted in Africa, Americas, Aquaculture, Asia, communication resources, Cornelie quist, Fish post-harvest, Gender, Global, ICSF, India, Men, Mexico, Nikita Gopal, Nilanjana Biswas, Regional, South Africa, Women
This International Women’s Day we are pleased to share a heartening and forward looking set of messages from Asian women in the aquaculture sector. The presentation comes courtesy of the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific and Aquaculture without Frontiers.
Dr Arlene Nietes Satapornvanit
Click on the picture above to launch the slide show, which starts with the challenges and shows the spirit of women succeeding in their lives, businesses and careers in aquaculture.
Download all the images in PDF here. The project to compile the personal accounts was led by our forward-looking colleague Dr Arlene Nietes Satapornvanit.
Here are some snippets from the quotes:
- Meryl Williams (Australia) – the challenges of growing gender inequity
- Gina Regalado (Philippines) – women in aquaculture are a special breed ….
- Ms Saovanee V (Thailand) – I make my own decisions as farm manager
- Ms Siyarut Isarawongchai (Thailand) – women have the right to do what they want. We can discuss and help each other.
- Dr Amonrat Sermwatanakul (Thailand) – trains smallscale ornamental fish farmers, founded DrNoi.com for ornamental fish farming industry
- Prof Alice G. Ferrer (Philippines) – I conduct research in aquaculture to look for evidence to inform decision/policy makers
- Dr Supranee Chinabut (Thailand) – women in Thai Department of Fisheries have equal rights to work and be promoted.
- Mrs Mam S. (Thailand) – I can do everything that a man can do in the farm. People here perceive me as economically better-off.
- Dr Marieta Bañez Sumagaysay (Philippines) – I dream of gender-responsive work spaces along upgraded fisheries and aquaculture value chains.
- Nguyen Thi Kim Quyen (Vietnam) – I am proud of my contribution to fisheries education in my country.
- Dr Malasri Kumsri (Thailand) – I am confident we women have made significant contributions and progress
- Dr Temdoung Somsiri (Thailand) – aquatic animal health profession is favorable to women
- Ms Sunee Kanrith (Thailand) – when I visit my farm, I can interact with my manager and workers without any difficulty.
- Ms Sirisuda Jumnongsong (Thailand) – my expertise in research and knowledge generation can contribute to successful aquaculture and fisheries development
- Dr Puttharat Baoprasertkul (Thailand) – women make good researchers
- Dr Melba G. Bondad-Reantaso (Philippines) – the scope of my aquatic animal health responsibilities for FAO takes me from farmers to ministers
Posted in Aquaculture, Aquaculture without Frontiers, Arlene Nietes Satapornvanit, Australia, communication resources, FAO, UN Women, World Bank, IFAD, UNIDO and other multilateral, Gender, International Women's Day, NACA, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Women
Tagged Aquaculture without Frontiers
A set of GAF5 photos are now available on our Flickr group: https://www.flickr.com/groups/genderaquafish/
Check them out! They include group photos, presenters photos, people asking questions, participants in working groups, ceremony, prize winners, etc etc..
The photos are courtesy of our hosts in India, the National Bureau of Fish Genetics Resources. Thank you!
Posted in Aquaculture, awards, communication resources, Events, Fisheries, GAF5, Gender, Global, India, Men, NACA, Networks, Women