Studies on masculinity and gender issues, and particularly on domestic violence in fishing communities, are rare in fisheries research literature which tends, rather, to focus on technical, biological, economic and governance aspects of the industry and the people in it. In some cases, social and health groups reach out to people in fishing communities in their efforts to overcome gender-based violence. One such case was reported in the 2013 paper in the Oxfam periodical Gender and Development , called “‘Because I am a man, I should be gentle to my wife and my children’: positive masculinity to stop gender-based violence in a coastal district in Vietnam” by Tu-Anh Hoang, Trang Thu Quach and Tam Thanh Tran.
A range of fishing boats at Cau Lo, Vietnam. Left: 2008 photo of a mixed group of traditional wooden fishing vessels moored in the river, including the basket boats on top of vessels at center and left of photo. Right: Deepwater port at Cua Lo, Vietnam, and large modern motor fishing vessels. Source: Courtesy of Ken Preston, “Wooden Boats of the North Vietnamese Coast” on the website, “The Wooden Working Boats of Indochina”, http://boatsandrice.com/nVN.html
This paper describes an intervention targeted at men who had been involved in cases of gender-based violence and worked with them to create a greater understanding of the immediate and culturally embedded causes of the violence. The project helped the men, all fishermen, to develop more positive behaviours in their family relationships, winning them greater appreciation in their homes and in society.
Abstract: Despite the efforts of the government to promote gender equality in Vietnam, genderbased violence is still a critical issue. This article explores a pilot project, the Responsible Men Club, developed and implemented in a coastal district in Vietnam from 2010 to 2012 to work with men to stop violence against their wives. Focusing on masculinity and promoting gender equality in a culturally relevant way significantly improves acceptance of the programme by men themselves and their communities, and enhances its impact. We argue that empowerment, a process often used for women, is also important for men. To construct and encourage a positive, non-violent version of masculinity, men need relevant knowledge, skills, mentoring, and peer support. It is a challenge for gender-based violence programmes to work on increasing public awareness of the issue of violence against women, and reduce society’s tolerance of it, without increasing stigmatisation of and objections to men in general, and to perpetrator men in particular.
Download the papers here
A very welcome addition to the technical support for the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication – a handbook – has just been released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Called “Towards gender-equitable small-scale fisheries governance and development“, the handbook written by Nilanjana Biswas, of the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), is a treasure trove of essential background knowledge on women, gender and small-scale fisheries, combined with practical advice and case examples on incorporating gender equality principles in small scale fisheries work. The target audience is broad – from government officers to fishers and their communities, fish worker groups and researchers, as befits a product of the very participatory development process the Handbook team took.
The Handbook is organised in 3 parts:
- Part 1: Understanding gender and the role of women in small-scale fisheries
- Part 2: Responsible fisheries and sustainable development through a gender lens
- Part 3: Ensuring an enabling environment for gender equality and supporting implementation
Among the rich and varied advice and explanatory boxes are such gems as a guide to tried and tested FAO methods for assessing post-harvest losses, and disaster response and rehabilitation issues to target to help women. Throughout, the Handbook has action points for policy-makers and for community service organisations, offering a few key tips on each subject.
A particular highlight is the set of case studies, each containing a description of the case, followed by a gender-sensitive “Let’s analyse this…” section that gets to the heart of the gender issues.
Here is the list of Case Studies:
- Women in fishing communities on Lake Victoria
- Tenure rights of traditional fishing communities in Raigad, India
- Recognition of indigenous community-owned land in Nicaragua
- War-affected women in the fishing villages of the Mannar Coast,
- Self-regulation by women harvesters in the Gulf of Mannar, India
- Mandira Marine Extractive Region, Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Transboundary issues and fishers – learning from India and Sri Lanka
- Transboundary issues and fishers – learning from the European Union
- Diversifying livelihoods for small-scale fishing communities in Uganda
- Pacific Fishing Company on Levuka Island, Fiji
- Migrant Chinese women workers employed in oyster shucking in Japan
- Growing violence and abuse in small-scale fisheries in South Africa
- Reclaiming the Marol fish market in Mumbai, India
- Impact of harbour fishing on fish trade in Kerala, India
- Impact of competition along Lake Victoria in Kenya and on inland
fisheries in Zambia
- Impact of industrialization on women in small-scale post-harvest
fisheries in South Africa
- Issues of cross-border trade for traditional women fish vendors in
- The risks of neglecting women in policy implementation
- Post-tsunami rehabilitation in Aceh, Indonesia
- Impact of mine pollution in Buyat Bay, Indonesia
- Matsyafed in Kerala, India – an apex cooperative for small-scale fisheries
- Impact of seasonal fishing ban on women fish traders in
- Marshall Point, a coastal indigenous fishing/farming community in
- Women fishers fight corruption in the Sunderbans, India
- An example of value chain analysis (VCA) (in Malawi)
- Public hearing on issues of women in the fish trade in Kerala, India
- Enabling women’s participation in meetings in Kigombe, the United
Republic of Tanzania
- Fisherwomen in Brazil organize for their rights
- Regional Fisheries Livelihood Programme for South and Southeast
- Mainstreaming gender in the BOBLME project
Download the full Handbook at this LINK.
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The results of the Women in Seafood video competition are now out and all the videos can be viewed through this WSI website link.
Click this link to go to the interactive map and open the videos. The videos are interesting, often inspiring, and all are short and to the point, ranging from 2 to 5 minutes.
Congratulations to the competition winner Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez for her video, “The Women of Petatán,” a very thoughtful set of interviews with women fish filleters as they worked on processing piles of fish to prepare them for the market. The video was made in Petatán , Michoacán, Mexico.
Other videos were:
- Tambak Lorok, Java, Indonesia: “Women in Salted Fish Industry at Tambak Lorok” by Zahrah Izzaturrahim
- North Atlantic Fisheries Organisation: “Women on board” by Maria Caldeiro
- Zanzibar, Tanzania: “Making Waves: Rethinking Seaweed Farming for Women’s Empowerment” by Cecile Brugere
- Costa Rica: “Aportes de las mujeres en las pesquerías de pequeña escala” by CoopeSoliDar (Coast Rica)
- Australia: “Seafood Women Making a Difference” by Jen Shaw
- Abrohlos Islands, Australia: “Journey for a Voice” by Leonie Noble
- Negombo, Sri Lanka: “Gutting for Living: unromantic tale of fishermen’s wives” by Prasad Kaushalya Dodangodage
- Sagbokoji village, Lagos State, Nigeria: “Challenges of Women in Seafood” by Ngozi Margaret Oguguah
- Vigo, Spain: “Something happens with fishing. An original idea by ARVI” by Cooperativa de Armadores de Pesca del Puerto de Vigo
- Barisal District, Bangladesh: “Gill nets boost women’s involvement in aquaculture in Bangladesh” by Kate Bevitt
- Zaponan, Jalisco, Mexico: “Business Women in a Wholesale Fish Market” by Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez
- Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada: “Afishionado” by Hana Nelson
- Tamil Nadu, India: “ICAR-CIFE: Women in Seafoods” by Gomathy.V
Posted in Advocacy, Africa, Americas, Aquaculture, Asia, Australia, awards, Bangladesh, Canada, Cecile Brugere, communication resources, Costa Rica, Europe, Events, awards, grants, employment, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Nova Scotia
Drs Malasri Khumsri, Amonrat Sermwatankul and Jarvey Demaine, the expert panel on gender and giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium) farming at the Giant Freshwater Prawn 2017 Conference, concluded that, while women’s involvement in low-cost marginal occupations was well-known, the range of opportunities for women in the value chain was much wider and these had to be identified and promoted. The panel session was the first formal activity of the recently launched Asian Fisheries Society Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries Section and was supported by the Thailand Department of Fisheries, Asian Institute of Technology and the Giant Freshwater Prawn 2017 Conference.
The panel discussion provided a platform for development of a community of people committed to equitable and effective cooperation among researchers and academics, technicians, fisheries officers and non-governmental organizations in research and practice on gender in aquaculture and fisheries and explore the ways to promote gender equitable and sustainable livelihood opportunities in GFP value chains.
The panel examined the gender arrangements in Bangladesh and Thailand (see the report), and, in the case of Thailand, suggested the way forward.
Read the report of the panel session here.
Sally Barnes runs an artisanal fi sh smoking business. Through the smoking business, she added value to her husband’s catches and increased the family income. Source: Yemaya and WWW.WOODCOCKSMOKERY.COM
The first 2017 issue of Yemaya, the gender and fisheries newsletter of the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), recognizes that implementing the gender equality provisions of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small Scale Fisheries is a struggle at two levels. The first struggle is in the household and community, and the second is the level of the state and other stakeholders. Many of articles in this issue of Yemaya amplify on this theme.
- World Fisheries Day: Africa – Sustainability through unity by Béatrice Gorez
- What’s New Webby? By Ramya Rajagopalan
- Ireland: Independent and happy by Sally Barnes (see photo)
- Milestones: UNESCO inscribes haenyeo culture on Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Ramya Rajagopalan
- Network – An uphill task by Marja Bekendam de Boer and Katia Frangoudes
- Tanzania – Study time by Ali Thani and Lorna Slade
- Profile – Gilda Olivia Rojas Bermudez: In defence of rights and culture by Vivienne Solis
- India – Anjali: Woman of the waters by Sujoy Jana and Santanu Chacraverti
- Asia – Round table of women in fisheries (Goa) by Mariette Correa
- Q & A – Interview with Mercy Wasai Mghanga, fish trader and Chairperson, Bamburi Beach Management Unit (BMU) and Vice-Chairperson, Mombasa County BMU network by Hadley B. Becha
- Yemaya Mama – Cartoon – “Gender equality begins at home”
- Yemaya Recommends – Review: Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in fisheries and aquaculture (FAO) by Ramya Rajagopalan
Download the whole issue of articles at this link.
Posted in Africa, Aktea, Asia, Europe, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, Gender, Goa, ICSF, Ireland, Kenya, Korea, Men, South Korea, Tanzania, West Bengal, Women
A Thai woman gets ready to process threadfin salmon for the market. Photo: Supaporn Anuchiracheeva, the Small-scale Fishers and Organic Fisheries Products Project.
In bold outline, the take home messages from the GAF6 full report – Engendering Security in Fisheries and Aquaculture – converge on the following: women’s voices and gender equity champions can make a real difference; and a gender lens lets us see inequalities and how to remedy them. These points were woven through the 68 rich and varied presentations, panels, posters and workshops of GAF6. Read the full report here, see the take home messages below.
- Participants were urged to focus on gender relationships, not simply roles, and on intersectionality, as women’s and men’s lives were interconnected and gender interacted with other systems in society, e.g., cultural, political and economic structures.
- The 2014 Small-Scale Fisheries Voluntary Guidelines are opening up new policy space on gender equality. Yet, in implementing the Guidelines, women have been deterred from taking part in decision-making, are invisible in most fisheries statistics and their interests excluded from national policies – unless NGOs and women’s groups have advocated for inclusion. Even when women’s needs are recognized, money and expertise may not have been allocated. In a hopeful sign, some recent projects are committed to gender equality.
- Aquaculture is gendered. Gender roles and relationships in aquaculture follow typical social patterns of ownership, rights and power. Unless they break out as entrepreneurs, women are positioned in small-scale, near-home, and low technology aquaculture, or as low-paid labour in medium and industrial scale operations. Nevertheless, small-scale household aquaculture can fulfill important subsistence roles and be improved to better satisfy food security and nutrition.
- A persistent thread on fair livelihoods in fish value chains was that gender equality and equity must be fought for, and protected by active measures, rather than expecting it to happen through a sense of natural justice.
- Using a gender lens brings deeper understanding of climate and disaster adaptation. Flexibility, versatility and agency are keys to people’s resilience. Gender-blind efforts to help people adapt should always be challenged.
- Real progress in securing gender equality will not be achieved unless social norms are transformed.
Read the whole GAF6 report here – Link
Posted in Africa, Americas, Angela Lentisco, Aquaculture, Arlene Nietes Satapornvanit, Asia, awards, Bangladesh, Change, Climate Change, communication resources, Costa Rica, disaster responses, Dr B. Shanthi, Europe, Events, Events, awards, grants, employment, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, food security, France, GAF6, Gender, Gender and development, Gendered labor studies, Geography, Global, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, M.C. Nandeesha, Maldives, Marie Christine Monfort, Men, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nikita Gopal, Norway, Pacific, Oceania, Philippines, Regional, research, Siri Gerrard, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Women, women divers, Zambia
The 2016 conference of the International Institute for Fisheries Economics and Trade addressed how to incorporate the gender dimension into fish value chain analysis, especially when very limited gender information is available. The report of the gender sessions are now online.
Woman at Tambak Lorok, Central Jawa, Indonesia, brings two yellowfin tuna ashore. Photo: Zahrah Izzaturrahim.
The 14 presentations and discussions on gender at IIFET-2016 highlighted that sex-disaggregated data and indicators must be improved. Using whatever information they could collect, experts presented gender analyses of value chains in Africa (Malawi and Nigeria), Asia (Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand), North America (Mexico) and the Pacific (Solomon Islands), and global efforts on fisheries performance indicators and data sets. The presenters and participants discussed how, in these value chains, women are critical to adding value to fish, although within the household and society, ultimately men still make most of the key household decisions, sometimes despite interventions that seek to empower women. The gender report concludes by making some suggestions to IIFET in its future work on gender in fisheries economics and trade.
Read more the full report on the gender papers at IIFET-2016 here.
Posted in Africa, Americas, Asia, Climate Change, Gender and development, Gendered labor studies, Global, IIFET, India, Indonesia, Kate Barclay, Malawi, Maldives, Mekong, Natural resource management, Nigeria, Pacific, Oceania, Regional, research, Research, communication resources, Solomon Islands, Stella Williams, Tamil Nadu, Thailand, Value chain analysis