Kerala fisher couple with cast net and scoop net. Photo: Sruthi P.
We are delighted to announce the release of a Special Issue of Asian Fisheries Science journal, volume 29S, containing 12 papers, plus a guest editorial and other information based on GAF5 – the 5th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries (2014, Lucknow, India).
The Special Issue is titled “The Long Journey to Gender Equality” and contains many practical and theoretical insights. In the Guest Editorial, Dr Nikita Gopal and her co-editors conclude that the “regular GAF events of the Asian Fisheries Society … show that more and more researchers are interested in studying gender and fisheries/aquaculture, both from among the social scientists and fisheries biologists. Thus the GAF events create a unique forum for social and natural sciences to meet and discuss, which is often not the case in other disciplines.”
We hope you enjoy and find useful this wide range of papers covering such topics as the impacts of film-making on the empowerment of women divers in Timor Leste, to the roles of resident and non-resident women in Barotse Floodplain fisheries in Zambia and the intricacies of women’s fish marketing relations in Bihar India and in Cambodia, plus much more.
Visit this page to gain an overview of the Special Issue and download the whole volume or individual papers. LINK
Congratulations to all the authors!
Posted in Africa, AFS GAF events, Aquaculture, Asia, Bangladesh, Bihar, Cambodia, communication resources, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, GAF5, Gender, Global, India, Kerala, Lao PDR, Manipur, Mekong, Men, Regional, Thailand, Timor Leste, Women, women divers, Zambia
Women fish processors in Sokone, Senegal. Photo: Robert Lee, FAO.
In a recent FAO report (A Review of Women’s Access to Fish in Small Scale Fisheries), Angela Lentisco and Robert Lee have gone beyond the typical portrayal of women as fish processors and marketers have reviewed and categorized three main ways in which women access fish in small scale fisheries. First is primary access through fishing and financing/owning fishing operations; second is through close personal relationships including family; and third is through the normal purchases. By conceptualising women’s access in this more structured way, policy and action to assist women’s empowerment and equality in fish value chains can be better formulated. Angela and Robert first explored this approach in their paper resulting from their paper at the 4th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries (GAF4) – read their earlier paper here.
The report, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular 1098 can be downloaded at this link.
Abstract: Women play a critical role in every link of the value chain in small-scale fisheries, although their best-known roles are in processing and marketing of fish and other fishery products. This perception of the highly gender-segregated division of labour (men fishing / women processing) has shaped the generalized approach in supporting development initiatives for small-scale fisheries. More often than not, this approach targets men as fishers, and women as processors and marketers of fishery products. However, this generalization has also made fisheries governance blind to women’s other valuable inputs to the sector. In fact, their roles can and should go beyond postharvest and marketing. However, the lack of utilization of their additional contribution has deterred, for example, women’s participation in fisheries resource management and policy decision-making.
The present review aims to move policy attention beyond the generalized, and perhaps limited, perception of women as fish processors and marketers and in this way enhance their participation in fisheries resource management and decision-making. The study describes the different ways women have access to fish in small-scale fisheries: as primary users (when they fish by themselves or they finance fishery operations), secondary users (when they access fish through kinship or other close relationships), and tertiary users (when they use capital to buy fish directly from fishers or traders). The review provides case studies to illustrate some of the issues that tend to keep women in marginalized positions along the value chain. Factors and processes that can contribute to improve women’s participation and decision-making in small-scale fisheries, such as those that challenge conventional approaches based on traditional or “typical” gender roles and obsolete institutional arrangements, are also given. The document also discusses how participation can be improved by raising awareness on gender equality issues along the value chain through applying a gender lens, by providing appropriate support to women’s organizations, including formal recognition of their professional activities, by understanding the socioeconomic context and the particular needs of small-scale fisheries, by giving due attention to power and power relationships, and by taking greater account of the contribution of women in fisheries. As neither women nor men form homogenous groups, the challenge is even greater for women to have access to productive tools and services, which if secured can give them a greater say and control over fisheries resources, thereby increasing their social capital and financial capital. These reflections can be introduced in existing resource management arrangements such as co-management or community based management, and can probably empower women and improve their participation in fishery resource management decision-making.
The reflections in this review can and should be used as guidance and discussion material to develop interventions under the Global Assistance Programme in support of the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication.
Posted in Africa, Aquaculture, Asia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroun, FAO, UN Women, World Bank, IFAD, UNIDO and other multilateral, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, Ghana, Global, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Tanzania, Timor Leste, Tunisia, Uganda
The full report, program and all slide presentations from the 4th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries are NOW ONLINE!
Fishery changes shift working spaces, create and destroy jobs and bring overlaps in women’s and men’s roles.
Congratulations to GAF4 participants from our student volunteers from Chonnam National University, Moon Eun-Ji (left) and Bak So-Hyeon (right), and Piyashi DebRoy (center and winner of GAF4 AquaFish CRSP Best Student Paper award) .
“Gender and fisheries studies, therefore, are increasingly addressing these changes and how women and men were affected by them,” said Dr Nikita Gopal who led the Program Committee that organized this highly energetic and successful event. GAF4 also continued to fill out the global picture showing that women and gender issues are still not properly understood in the fisheries sector.”
Feedback declared GAF4 the most successful and highest quality of the 6 women in fisheries/gender in aquaculture and fisheries events held by the Asian Fisheries Society over the last 15 years.
On Genderaquafish.org you will find:
Posted in Africa, AFS GAF events, Aquaculture, Asia, Australia, B. Meenakumari, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Change, Climate Change, disaster responses, Events, awards, grants, employment, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, Fishery or Aquaculture Type, Segment, GAF4, Gender, Gender and development, Gender in the workplace, Gendered labor studies, Global, Globalization, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kerala, Korea, M.C. Nandeesha, Malaysia, Men, Microfinance, Natural resource management, Nepal, Nigeria, Nikita Gopal, Norway, Oman, Philippines, Research, communication resources, Risk reduction, Sea cucumber or beche de mer, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, Thailand, Timor Leste, United States of America, Vietnam, West Asia/Middle East, Women
Learning better household budgeting, Cambodia. Photo: RFLP
The FAO-Spain Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Programme for South and Southeast Asia has taken their more formal gender materials (especially the RFLP gender mainstreaming manual) and their on the ground experience and produced this attractive, easy to read and yet very rich guide to what to do.
Get the guide here: Download
The clear lessons from experience include:
1. Don’t get lost in translation (of technical gender terms)
2. Think gender from the start
3. Study first, then decide
4. Consider quotas for women’s participation
5. Take the time and effort (and get the men involved)
6. Consider participation of women in traditional ‘men’s’ activities
7. Beware the double burden
8. Be flexible (make training convenient for women)
9. Get the right support
10. Alternative fisheries livelihoods are often women’s livelihoods
11. Collect gender-disaggregated data
12. Spread the good word
Posted in Asia, Cambodia, FAO, UN Women, World Bank, IFAD, UNIDO and other multilateral, Fisheries, Gender, Gender and development, Gender in the workplace, Gender research resources, Gendered impact study, Indonesia, Men, Natural resource management, Philippines, Regional, research, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste, Women
The Spain-FAO Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Programme for South and South East Asia (RFLP) started its work in 2009 by undertaking comprehensive baseline studies in its selected coastal project sites in Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste and Vietnam. RFLP published the baseline survey reports in traditional formats. Now, RFLP has turned the detailed reports into a series of infographic reports to give a wider range of readers a faster and more visual way of accessing the wealth of materials they contain.
RFLP is one of the rare fisheries projects to incorporate a gender component (see Angela Lentisco’s overview paper on this from GAF3, plus papers and powerpoints from Nguyen Dang Hao, Rosario Segundia Gaerlan and colleagues, Bandara Dissanayke and Heng Ponley). The interest in the gender dimension is reflected in the reports which each look into the roles of women and men in the local fisheries and their supply chains, and respective roles in decision making, and knowledge of livelihood options.
The RFLP sites for each country are:
Cambodia: Kampot and Kep, Preah Sihanouk, Koh Kong. Infographic. Report
Indonesia: Kupang District, Kupang Municipality, Alor District and
Rote Ndao District (Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur) Infographic, Report
Philippines: Dapitan City, Rizal and Sibutad, Dipolog City, Katipunan, Manukan and Roxas, Jose Dalman, Leon Postigo, Liloy, Salug and Sindangan (Zamboanga del Norte Province) Infographic, Report I, Report II, Report III, Report IV
Sri Lanka: Puttalam estuary, Negombo and Chilaw lagoons (west coast) Infographic, Report
Timor-Leste: Baucau, Dili, Bobonaro, Covalima and Oecusse districts Report
Vietnam: Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam (central Vietnam) Report
All RFLP files are now archived on the FAO site: see http://www.fao.org/fishery/rflp/en
Posted in Asia, Cambodia, Fish post-harvest, Fisheries, GAF3, Gender, Gender and development, Geography, Indonesia, Men, Philippines, Regional, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste, Vietnam, Women
RFLP’s team in the Philippines won the ‘Women in Fisheries’ award for its short film entitled “From gambling to earning” featuring the efforts of the La Conception Women’s Association. The Women in Fisheries Award was contested by the six RFLP countries to recognize and encourage their efforts to mainstream gender in their activities.
Taking runner’s up position was RFLP’s team from Timor Leste.
And on RFLPs work on alternative livelihoods and skills for fishing families and communities, check out the achievements of the RFLP at: RFLP.
All RFLP publications can be found at: http://www.fao.org/fishery/rflp/en
Posted in Cambodia, Events, FAO, UN Women, World Bank, IFAD, UNIDO and other multilateral, Fisheries, Indonesia, Men, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste, Women