Category Archives: Men

From “women do fish” to “women do participate and lead”

Slowly over the last few decades, the number and type of organisations representing the interests of women in fisheries and aquaculture have begun to grow and diversify. Little is written about this welcome growth of activity and so the new FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular by Enrique Alonso-Población and Susana Siar (Link) “Women’s participation and leadership in fisherfolk organizations and collective action in fisheries: a review of evidence on enablers, drivers and barriers,” is a very welcome addition to the literature.

The Circular begins with a well considered review of the rationale behind women’s collective action and organisation, and whether and how this might relate to their empowerment. Given the plethora of conceptualisations of empowerment, however, the authors decide not to superimpose any particular version of empowerment on their analysis, but to accept the bottom line that if women are not organised and not participating in the institutions of the sector, then definitely this is a sign of their marginalisation and lack of access to specific resources.

In a historical terms, women’s participation has long been recognised and even celebrated, but the authors document that, for example, although women in the Spanish Galician fisheries have been visible for over 100 years, only in the 1980s did a series of management and political changes begin to professionalise their work and give them actual control over their industry. Hence, the concept of getting beyond the descriptives of “women do fish” and onto “women do participate and lead.”

Using an extensive literature analysis, the authors first delve into the diverse array of institutions that enable and foster women’s participation in collective action and organizations. These range from: government institutions, non-government organisations, development aid and conservation projects, religious organisations, academia, endogenous mobilization among groups of women identifying with their professional work, e.g., the women divers of Japan and Korea, and Norwegian fishermen’s wives, the catalysing drive of individual leaders, and events that created unexpected chances. Particularly welcome is the access the Circular gives to literature in languages other than English, e.g., the Brazilian and other South American examples.

Having explored the diversity of women’s organisations, the authors recognise that the endogeneous and external drivers for organizing can be classified into a few familiar categories, especially: dwindling resources and securing management roles, sectoral modernisation, the imperative to secure fishing rights, economics, the drive to secure family well-being, and the drive for women’s rights.

Despite the positive feel that comes with uncovering such a rich stream of women’s collective action, the authors are firm in their desire not to leave us thinking that the problems are beginning to be solved. Problems range from governments that will not accord women rights to the women’s own individual aims and competitiveness overcoming the benefits of collective action.

Overall, this Circular is highly recommended reading!  Here is the Link.

Alonso-Población, E. and Siar, Susana V. 2018. Women’s participation and leadership in fisherfolk organizations and collective action in fisheries: a review of evidence on enablers, drivers and barriers. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1159. Rome, FAO.

ABSTRACT: The increased recognition of the multiplicity of roles played by women in, and their crucial the fisheries sector exists in stark contrast with the low presence of women in fisherfolk organizations around the globe, and the lack of access to decision-making positions in many formal fisheries-related organizations. This paper summarizes analyses of a global literature review on women in fisherfolk organizations. The aim of the study was to identify positive examples and lessons learned by pointing to the drivers – as well as the enablers and entities identified in the literature – that have a key role in fostering increased women’s participation and leadership in collective action in fisheries. State institutions, social movements and civil society organizations, development and conservation projects, religious movements, academia, endogenous mobilization, charismatic individuals and coincidences have been identified as the key enablers of women’s participation in collective action. Dwindling resources and the need to secure management roles, modernization, the allocation of fishing rights, economic changes, family welfare and women’s rights, are the main drivers identified by the authors as catalysers of women’s engagement in collective action. Finally, the paper identifies some of the barriers faced by women to gain equal access to organizations and decision-making. Although more research on the topic is required, there seems to be consensus on the positive effects for women arising from their engagement in modes of collective action.

All GAF-India presentations now online

We are pleased to announce that all the slide presentations from GAF-India, held 21-24 November 2017 during the 11th Indian Fisheries and Aquaculture Forum, Kochi, India, are now available online. Check them out on this page: LINK

Dry fish market, India. Photo: Ujwala Jaykisan Patil, Maharashtra Machhimar Kruti Samiti, Maharashtra, India. Presentation in the Special Workshop on Challenges in the Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small Scale Fisheries (SSFVG) of FAO in South Asia, led by ICSF.

Thank you to Sijitha of CIFT for uploading the presentations.

IIFET-2018 – Bringing Gender Discourse into Fisheries Economics and Trade: New Challenges and Opportunities

Fish supply chains are characterised by many work, ownership and power relations that are segregated along gender lines. Despite the fact that women perform important activities all along the fisheries and aquaculture value chains, gendered economic analyses have been almost totally missing in economics research relevant to fish production, governance, markets and trade. What improvements in research and policy advice would arise if gender was incorporated into fisheries economics?

Woman mending aquaculture cage net, Lake Volta, Ghana.

The International Institute for Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET) is highlighting gender in its economics and trade research themes by encouraging the presentation and discussion of rigorous research that is quantitative and based on sound economic and gender theory and methodologies.

The Special Session – Bringing Gender Discourse into Fisheries Economics and Trade: New Challenges and Opportunities – will be held at the 2018 Conference of IIFET, July 16-20, 2018, Seattle, USA.

Here is some important information on the Special Session which will comprise mainly contributed papers and presentations. Abstracts are due by 21 February 2018 (original deadline extended by 1 week), and, for those presenters wishing to compete for the Rosemary Firth Best Paper Prize, an advance paper by the 4th of April 2018. Full details are given below and on the IIFET website.

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Bringing Gender Discourse into Fisheries Economics and Trade. Gender Economics

Research in Fisheries and Aquaculture: New Challenges and Opportunities

19th International Biennial Conference of  International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade (IIFET)-2018

On the campus of the University of Washington,  Seattle, Washington, USA

 An open session entitled “Bringing Gender Discourse into Fisheries Economics and Trade. Gender Economics Research in Fisheries and Aquaculture: New Challenges and Opportunities” has been accepted in the 19th International Biennial Conference of International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade (IIFET)-2018 to be held on the campus of the University of Washington, in the “Emerald City”: Seattle, Washington, USA.

The session will be mainly comprised of contributed papers and presentations, with the requirement that only those presenters who provide an advance paper by the 4th of April 2018 will be considered for the Rosemary Firth Best Paper Prize  (Best Paper Prizes information). The prize consists of a $500 check, a stipend of up to $2,500 to cover airfare and lodging, and free conference registration (Rosemary Firth Best Paper Prize details).

In 1963, Che’ Yoh and Rosemary Firth discuss qualities and uses of pandanus leaves, Malaysia.

At the Special Session, the winner of the Rosemary Firth Prize will present the Inaugural Rosemary Firth Address, named after British Sociologist Rosemary Firth (1912-2001) who wrote the 1941 (1966) volume “Housekeeping among Malay Peasants,” tracking the household economics of traditional fishing communities in east coast Malaysia.

Objectives of this session are as follows:

  • To mainstream gender components in economics and trade research through quantitative and qualitative economic and gender methodologies.
  • To discuss how economic research can be applied to address questions on gender in aquaculture and fisheries

Suggested topics and their links to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that are relevant to the gender session:

  • Concepts, methodologies and data for gender economics research. Quantitative and qualitative economics research on gender in fisheries/aquaculture/trade.
  • Measuring women’s empowerment in fisheries and aquaculture: assets, time use, agency; indicators of equality [SDGs #5, 8, VG-SSF].
  • Household production: how households are organized for aquaculture and fisheries production, the impacts of household production on gender equality and women’s empowerment [SDGs #5, 8].
  • Industrial organization: gender in markets; gender and fish market prices; gender in econometric models; input prices and gender, e.g., through unpaid or poorly paid work; gender and migrants; gender differences across scales of value chains [SDGs #5, 8].
  • Fisheries management and overfishing: gender and fisheries management, women’s unpaid or paid work in other sectors as subsidies to overfishing [SDGs #5, 14].
  • Gender economics and social policies – economic inequality, employment market, welfare, empowerment, access and control of resources, property rights, policies, law etc.
  • Gender and globalization – migration, crises, war, climate change, market dynamism, access, value chains, availability and affordability to nutritious food, market access, quality management, blue economy, and
  • Gender and culture – representation, barriers to entry, issues of successors, education and training, entrepreneurship.

The organizers welcome submissions from a wide range of topics relevant to the objectives. We encourage all to participate in this session by way of sending abstracts (250 words) before 14th February 2018.

All instructions of how to upload your abstract can be found at the IIFET web page: IIFET-2018

Tip for preparing a good abstract: We encourage intending presenters to have your abstracts and papers read and critiqued by a respected colleague or mentor as a means to help improve its quality.

Session Team Members

  • Meryl Williams
  • Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Arpita Sharma, ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, India
  • Shyam Sainulabdeen Salim, ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Cochin, India
  • Achini De Silva, Sabaragamuwa University
  • Kate Barclay, University of Technology Sydney

Celebrating the artworks of school children

2nd prize snr

“The role of women and youth in aquaculture development or sustainable fisheries management.” Painting by Ms. Narumol Damrongsiriphakdee and Ms. Oranut Sangpiya, Sripruetta School. Teacher: Ms. Sumitra Kanapang

Take a moment to browse this delightful book that celebrates the imagination, perceptions and vision of junior and senior high school students from Thailand who, during GAF6 in August 2016 in Bangkok, were asked to paint their impressions of “The role of women and youth in aquaculture development or sustainable fisheries management,” or “The impact of aquaculture or fisheries on men, women and youth in the community or along fish value chains.”

3rd Prize snr-2

“The role of women and youth in aquaculture development or sustainable fisheries management.” Painting by Ms. Duenpen Pansukha and Ms. Pitchatorn Wawilai, Wat Nang Sao School. Teacher: Ms. Onnicha Bunyasitphichai

The book of winning entries, presented in vivid colors, can be  be seen in this excellent volume containing the paintings. It has been produced by the Network of Aquaculture and Fisheries Centres in Asia-Pacific, GAF6, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Faculty of Fisheries Kasesart University and USAID Oceans and Fisheries Partnership.

The book can be downloaded here.

To find our more about the art competition, and see photos of the students working on their art projects, visits this page.

Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries – Expanding the Horizons

GAF7 Brochure CoverVisit GAF7 website https://www.gafconference.org/

<~ Download GAF7 brochure: Brochure link

Submit your abstracts, session and training workshop proposals by April 30See you at GAF7!

Competitive travel funding opportunity for Southeast Asian nationals: pls visit https://www.gafconference.org/funding.htm

 

“Engendering Security in Fisheries and Aquaculture” Special Issue of Asian Fisheries Journal online

Special Issue of Asian Fisheries Science journal, Volume 30S, has just been released online, presenting 25 papers, plus a Guest Editorial and other information based on GAF6 – the 6th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries (2016, Bangkok, India).

The Special Issue is “Engendering Security in Fisheries and Aquaculture.” Dr Nikita Gopal, Chief Guest Editor of the Special Issue, and her co-editors, highlight that, as applied research, “most of the work published represents on-the-ground efforts to empower women and men to improve their livelihoods. These applied studies are complemented by others of a deeper theoretical and more exploratory nature addressing women‟s and men‟s personal perceptions of themselves within the fish sectors.

The papers cover many angles, including the impacts on fishermen’s perceptions of their masculinity under strict new fisheries regulations, women’s and men’s strategies and niches in aquaculture, a large tuna port, following a major land reclamation project, a tsunami and in seaweed production. In exploring the paucity of sex-disaggregated data, aquaculture publishing by women, and women’s needs after disasters, the papers range from global in scope, to the national and local.

Visit this page to gain an overview of the Special Issue and download the whole volume or individual papers. LINK

Congratulations to all the authors!

GAF-India Prizes and Launch of GAF Section at 11IFAF

GAF-India was held in Kochi, Kerala, India from 21-24 November 2017. Previously, the prize winners of the M.C. Nandeesha Photo Competition were announced (link). Now we are happy to announce the student prize winners for GAF-India presentations and posters, and the winner of the first Asian Fisheries Society Indian Branch Prof. M.C. Nandeesha Gender Justice and Equality Award.

See photos and details of all the prize winners here.

Winner of First Prize, Best Student Presentation at GAF-India, B.M.R.L. Basnayake, receiving her prize from Dr J.K. Jena, President of Asian Fisheries Society Indian Branch and Asian Fisheries Society, at the closing ceremony 11IFAF, 24 November 2017, Kochi, India.

BEST STUDENT PRESENTATIONS

1st Prize: B.M.R.L. Basnayake and D..M. De Silva – “Gendered Timeline of the Market Landscape of the Fisheries Industry in Sri Lanka.”

2nd Prize: Asha S. Karunaratne, I.C. Hettiarachchi and D.A.M. De Silva – “Gender Sensitive Value Chain Selection: Fish, Banana and Cinnamon, Which Provide Best Opportunities for Women?”

BEST STUDENT POSTERS

1st Prize: Mrudula, K.M., P.K. Sajeenamol, Jiswin Joseph, M.V. Neelima, Bindu J., S Sreejith, Sajesh, V.K., and Nikita Gopal– “Traditional Fish Recipes of Fisher Households and Their Significance.”

2nd Prize: Manju Lekshmi N., Archana G., Saly N. Thomas and Leela Edwin – “Rural Women Participation in Pre and Post-Harvest Operations of Stakenet (Estuarine Set Bag) along Aroor Fishing Village, Alappuzha, Kerala.”

ASIAN FISHERIES SOCIETY INDIAN BRANCH: PROF. M.C. NANDEESHA GENDER JUSTICE & EQUALITY AWARD 2017

Dr Meryl J Williams, Honorary Life Member, Asian Fisheries Society, “In recognition of her pioneering and sustaining efforts towards drawing international attention and developing impacting interventions in  gender justice and equality in the Asian Aquaculture and Fisheries sector.”