GAF5 – 12-15 November, 2014 Lucknow, India

Outputs from the 5th Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries symposium (GAF5)

  • Final program, all abstracts, PPTs, and the posters
  • Prizewinners
  • Shuddhawati Peke presenting on the role and challenges faced by women fish vendors in Mumbai markets.

    Shuddhawati Peke presenting on the role and challenges faced by women fish vendors in Mumbai markets.

    Press and other reports

    • NEW! Samudra Report November 2014 article on GAF5 by Katia Frangoudes and Shuddhawati Peke. See article here
    • The Lucknow Pioneer mentioned some key messages from GAF5 at 10IFAF. See the article here.
    • Pre-conference interview with Marie-Christine Monfort on  SeafoodSource.com has interviewed Marie-Christine Monfort.

Coming soon:

  • Asian Fisheries Science journal Special Issue of GAF4 papers will shortly be uploaded to the AFS website on the journal page.
  • More reports of GAF5 ….

Efforts to ensure that gender is included in the new climate agreement

Fishing family recovering from typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), Philippines. Photo: M. Sumagaysay.

Fishing family recovering from typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), Philippines. Photo: M. Sumagaysay.

COP20, the UN climate conference is now underway in Lima, Peru (20th session of the Conference of the Parties and the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol). Concerted efforts are being made to engender the new climate agreement that the countries are negotiating, informed and influenced by numerous non-government groups.

The 9th December was Gender Day at COP20. Gender issues were recognized in a series of papers, none unfortunately addressing the aquaculture and fisheries sectors, in the UN magazine, Outreach. Nevertheless, the set of papers is a good outline of the history so far of how gender is and is not incorporated and makes a strong case for much more systematic incorporation of gender into climate policies and actions on the ground.

Contents (download pdf of whole report here).

1. Time to act: Let’s make this the century of women’s empowerment and rights
2. Gender and climate change: Shoehorned or real?
3. Gender equality in a new climate agreement 4 The silent sufferers of climate change
5. Measuring, reporting and verification for women’s empowerment: The W+ Standard
6. All India Women’s Conference’s initiatives at national level to abate climate change
7. Connecting the dots: Relating forests and food to women’s empowerment and community resilience at the COP20 negotiations
8. Gender in the climate negotiations – moving from a side issue to a common thread

Still a long way to go

ICSF Katia

Katia Frangoudes explains a point on the relevance of the Small Scale Fisheries Guidelines to the audience during the ICSF panel discussion at GAF5.

The November 2014 edition of Samudra Report, the global periodical on fisheries issues published by the International in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), highlighted the 5th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries (GAF5) in its article “Still a Long Way to Go.”  The article, by Katia Frangoudes and Shuddhawati Peke, give an overview of GAF5, including the ICSF-led panel presentation and discussion on the relevance and opportunity for raising gender awareness and improving gender equality in the sector through the recent adoption and forthcoming implementation of the Small Scale Fisheries Guidelines.

Nalini Nayak at GAF5.

Nalini Nayak at GAF5.

At the end of their overview, Katia and Shuddhawati conclude that “there is still a long way to go in engendering fisheries and aquaculture, moving beyond merely sex-aggregated data and the sexual division of labour. A feminist perspective is much wider as it focuses on life and livelihood and thus challenges the present frameworks of centralized and capital-intensive production systems, which disregard the well-being of communities and the ecosystem.

Shuddhawati Peke presenting on the role and challenges faced by women fish vendors in Mumbai markets.

Shuddhawati Peke presenting on the role and challenges faced by women fish vendors in Mumbai markets.

The violence of such development has its toll, both in terms of an increase in violence on women in the household and on the living aquatic systems and their resources. Developing a theory of change is, therefore, necessary to assess how and what kind of modern science and management systems need to evolve to secure life and livelihoods”.

25th SPC Women in Fisheries Information Bulletin: Looking forward and back

Seaweed farming Waigina, Choiseul Province, Solomon Islands. Photo by M. Kronen, SPC WIF25.

Seaweed farming Waigina, Choiseul Province, Solomon Islands. Photo by M. Kronen, SPC WIF25.

The Secretariat for the Pacific Community (SPC), has just released its 25th Women in Fisheries Information Bulletin. Congratulations to the SPC, Bulletin Editors including current editor Dr Veikila Vuki, donors and supporters for this achievement. This issue starts with a message of support from Moses Amos, the new Director of SPC’s Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems (FAME) Division, who outlines his vision for women in fisheries at the SPC.

The whole issue or individual articles can be downloaded here.

CONTENTS

New FAO online policy-makers course on gender and food security

25 July 2013, Ha Trung, Viet Nam - Farmers using a net to catch fish from a pond at their farm.  Photo: FAO

25 July 2013, Ha Trung, Viet Nam – Farmers using a net to catch fish from a pond at their farm. Photo: FAO

To educate policy-makers and programme developers, FAO, with support from the European Commission and the Gender and Water Alliance has created a new online course on gender and food security.

Here is the link for the course

http://www.fao.org/elearning/#/elc/en/course/FG

The course is free online; all it takes is your time and dedication. The 14 lessons are grouped into 3 units as follows:

Unit 1 Overview of gender concepts and principles

  • Lesson 1.1 Closing the gender gap
  • Lesson 1.2 Gender roles, gender discrimination and gender equality
  • Lesson 1.3 Gender dimensions of food and nutrition security (FNS)

Unit 2 Gender in Food and nutrition security policy and legislation

  • Lesson 2.1 International commitments on gender equality
  • Lesson 2.2 Gender statistics for informing policy and legislation
  • Lesson 2.3 Producing gender statistics
  • Lesson 2.4 Formulating gender-responsive food and nutrition security (FNS) policies
  • Lesson 2.5 Translating national food and nutrition security (FNS) policies into a gender-responsive plan of action.
  • Lesson 2.6 Gender advocacy for food and nutrition security (FNS)

Unit 3 Gender in food and nutrition security programming

  • Lesson 3.1 Conducting a gender analysis for programme design
  • Lesson 3.2 Designing gender-responsive Food and Nutrition Security projects and programmes
  • Lesson 3.3 Gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation for Food and Nutrition Security
  • Lesson 3.4 Gender and programme implementation
  • Lesson 3.5 Addressing gender in organizations working on food and nutrition security

Yemaya August issue highlights Small Scale Fisheries Guidelines

Usha Tai in a discussion with representatives of fi shworkers organization at a meeting organized by ICSF. Photo: Yemaya Aug 2014

The August 2014 issue of Yemaya, the newsletter on gender and fisheries of the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) is full of interesting articles. It highlights the gender implications of the new Small Scale Fisheries Guidelines, plus articles on Japan, India and The Gambia. Download the issue at this link.

Articles
  • Editorial: Nilanjana Biswas
  • Japan: Migrant hands, local profits by Kumi Soejims & Katia Frangoudes
  • Profile: “I love fishing at all times”— Jeannette Naranjo (Costa Rica) by Vivienne Solis Rivera
  • The Gambia: Trading away food security by Nilanjana Biswas
  • India: Remembering Usha Tamore by Shuddhawati S Peke
  • Milestones: The Small Scale Fisheries Guidelines by Ramya Rajagopalan
  • Japan: Sea, people and life by Katia Frangoudes & Annie Castaldo
  • What’s New Webby? GAF5 by Ramya Rajagopalanby
  • India: A question of identity (for seaweed collectors) by Sumana Narayanan
  • Q & A: Carmen, Honduras by Norman Flores and
    Vivienne Solis Rivera
  • Yemaya Mama: cartoon
  • Yemaya Recommends: Standards for collecting sex disaggregated data for gender analysis:  A guide for CGIAR researchers by Caitlin Kieran & Cheryl Doss

World Bank speaks out on what constrains women’s voice and agency

Woman activist from the Rwanda Women Network taken at a meeting of the Village of Hope project. Photo: Mary Ellsberg in "Voices and Agency."

Woman activist from the Rwanda Women Network taken at a meeting of the Village of Hope project. Photo: Mary Ellsberg in “Voices and Agency.”

Voice and Agency: Empowering women and girls for shared prosperity

In his Foreword to this strong, empirical book recently released by the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, the World Bank Group President and himself a physician and anthropologist, says:

“Our flagship World Development Report 2012 demonstrated that gender equality and economic development are inextricably linked. It showed that equality not only guarantees basic rights but also plays a vital role in promoting the robust, shared growth needed to end extreme poverty in our increasingly competitive, globalized world. The persistent constraints and deprivations that prevent many of the world’s women from achieving their potential have huge consequences for individuals, families, communities, and nations. The 2012 report recognized that expanding women’s agency—their ability to make decisions and take advantage of opportunities— is key to improving their lives as well as the world we all share.

Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity represents a major advance in global knowledge on this critical front. The vast data and thousands of surveys distilled here cast important light on the nature of constraints women and girls continue to face globally.”

Download the report here (large download file)

[Thanks to Cornelie Quist for alerting us to this publication.]

Extract from the Executive Summary: This report distills an array of data, studies and evidence to shine a spotlight on the pervasive deprivations and constraints that face women and girls worldwide—from epidemic gender-based violence to laws and norms that prevent women from owning property, working, making decisions about their own lives and having influence in society. It identifies some promising programs and interventions to address these deprivations and constraints.

Policymakers and stakeholders need to tackle this agenda, drawing on evidence about what works and systematically tracking progress on the ground. This must start with reforming discriminatory laws and follow through with concerted policies and public actions, including multi-sectoral approaches that engage with men and boys and challenge adverse social norms. There is much to gain. Increasing women’s voice and agency is a valuable end in its own right. And it underpins achievement of the World Bank Group’s twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity for girls and boys, women and men, around the world.

Gender and small-scale fisheries in the central Philippines

People reef gleaning at low tide, Danajon Bank, Bohol Province, Central Philippines. Photo: Danika Kleiber.

People reef gleaning at low tide, Danajon Bank, Bohol Province, Central Philippines. Photo: Danika Kleiber.

In earlier posts on this site, we highlighted papers arising from the work of Danika Kleiber and her colleagues on gender in the Northern Bohol section of the Danajon Bank in the Central Philippines and on a global overview of gender in small scale fisheries. With pleasure, we draw your attention to Danika’s doctoral thesis, recently accepted by the University of British Columbia, Canada, and entitled: GENDER AND SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES IN THE CENTRAL PHILIPPINES. This thesis, as well as its accompanying papers, make a compelling and empirically justified case for the importance of factoring in women’s fishing work in fisheries management, policy and economics.

Here is the link to the thesis

And the links to our two earlier posts on Dr Kleiber’s work:

Counting all the fishers: a global overview

Philippines reef study shows the importance of defining “fishing”

Abstract of Thesis: This dissertation provides new evidence for why women should be included in smallscale fisheries assessments. Women are commonly overlooked in fisheries science and management because they are assumed not to fish, or to fish very little. My research focuses on community-based managed fisheries in the Central Philippines. I begin with a literature review of women’s fishing around the world, revealing that it is common, diverse, and dynamic. Women fishers also often focus on species and habitats different from those in men’s fishing. Notably, however, the review also identified a considerable data gap in quantitative assessments of women’s fishing.

I designed my case study specifically to quantify women’s contributions to the total community catch and effort. I found that women – who totaled 42% of all fishers – generated about one quarter of the total fishing effort and of the catch biomass. Explicit consideration of women’s fishing cast a spotlight on gleaning, an overlooked fishing method in which animals are collected in intertidal habitats. Almost all the women and half of the men gleaned. I found that gleaning primarily targeted sessile invertebrates, and was an important source of food, particularly when other fishing was not available.

Marine management that affects gleaners – such as no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) placed in intertidal areas – needs to consider distinct ecological and social features of gleaning. On that basis, I used a gender lens to examine community-based management in the form of no-take MPAs. In this cultural context resource management is a male sphere, both in perception and in practice. Women were less likely to feel that the MPA had a positive effect on their fishing, with MPAs mostly identified as a management measure for finfish. Women were also less likely to participate actively in MPA management.

In summary, my focus on women should prompt reexamination of how fishing is defined, who counts, and who is counted. Integration of women’s issues into fisheries management requires attention to gleaning, and exploration of alternative management methods. To overlook women, however, creates substantial underestimation of fishing labour and catch – with consequent worsening of our prospects for fisheries management globally.